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簡單Dε愛

你若不离不弃,我必生死相依。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

英语复习题  

2010-05-05 11:27:20|  分类: 专业相关 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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介副词填空

1.We can’t afford to fall (behind) our competitors in using new technology.

2.Every day the manager has to accout to the chairman (for) how he spend the company’s money.

3.He cannot go without wine even for one day;he is a complete slave (to) drink.

4.When the car broke down on the highway for a third time,John’s patience completely ran( out).

5.The chairman of the group suggested that as far as Mr.Palmer’s work is concerned,he’s worthy (of )a big pay rise.

6.What one thinks and feels is,in the eyes of social scientists,mainly due (to ) tradition,habit and education.

7.It is a real honor to have the opportunity of meeting the well-known scientist (in) person.

8.Have you read a newspaper report probing (into) the activities of drug dealers.

9.The soldiers showed great joy and satisfaction after winning the final triumph (over) their enemies.

10.How can you feel safe when it is reported that so many murders happened (in) broad daylight.

11.If you give (in),it means you admit being defeated.

12.After hearing his joke,I was laughing so hard I couldn’t keep myself (from) crying.

13.The government has brought all newspaper (under) its control.

14.Channel 5 faces so many technical and financial difficulties that it will be lucky to get (on) the air at all.

15.I marked (down) the pronunciations for the new words clearly in my notebook so that I could practice them again and again after class.

16.Watch (for) the tall man over there,He may be the one who stole the diamond.  

词形转换

Unit 1

1.(press) All the men were under heavy (pressure) working day and night.

2.(rest) The man was very worried about the safety of his son,so he (restlessly) walked about the room.

3.(leisure) The young industrial engineer did everything in a (leisurely) way.

4.(surround) How my teacher could teach any youngster in such (surroundings) is a complete mystery to me.

5.(competence) Do you think you’d be (competent) to criticize the action taken by your colleagues?

6.(increase) The situation in that area has become (increasingly) serious in the last few weeks.

7.(skill) (Skillful)student performance depends on careful teaching planning.

8.(arrive) John Read, a recent (arrival) to the United States,was an altogether more effective man.

9.(open) The book’s (opening) is dull,but the last sections are interesting.

10.(pass) In my opinion,their friendship has survived the (passage) of time.

Unit 2

1.(globe) More and more people are turning their attention to (global) environmental problems now.

2.(diverse) Her brother has a great (diversity) of interest;he likes sports,travel,photography,and making radio sets.

3.(extend) Those foreigners enjoy making (extensive) friendly contacts with the Chinese people.

4.(colony) The first English attempt to (colonize) North American was controlled by individuals rather than companies.

5.(explosively) Because of the (explosive) population growth in some countries,people must produce more food.

6.(observe) Many of the great writer’s friends were also sharp (observers) of life.

7.(strong) The activities help to greatly (strengthen) the ties among the club members.

8.(major) He think the time has come to improve the conditions of the (majority) of the people.

9.(industry) Some people agree that it is necessary to (industrialize) the agricultural region as soon as possible.

10.(remove) I am going to do all I can to result in the (removal) of the unpleasant impression you have on me.

Unit 3

1.(tolerate) If you take a drug regularly,your body slowly acquires a (tolerance) of it.

2.(hatred) He (hated) them because they made him feel insecure.

3.(compatible) The partners were too (incompatible) to stay in business together.

4.(expect) Those who drop out of school lower their (expectation) of success.

5.(resist) By determined attacks they broke down the enemy’s (resistance).

6.(charming) He was so angry that he did not notice the (charm) of the beautiful countryside.

7.(indicate) She gave no (indication) as to where the various elements for tea were to be found.

8.(racial) The court’s majority held that the University of California’s medical school went too far in considering (race).

9.(subsequently) We made plans for a visit,but (subsequent) difficulties with the car prevented it.

10.(suspect) Nothing could be proved against him,but he always remained under (suspicion).

Unit 4

1.(depart) There are notice showing arrivals and (departures) of trains near the booking-office.

2.(deduct) A (deduction) of seventy-five pence was made from the price realized,to cover expenses.

3.(dental) Our (dentist) does not hurt when he pulls out teach.

4.(suggest) Presently he made the (suggestion) that they carry on their conversation in French.

5.(fluent) As I mentioned above,certain traditional language teaching exercises promote (fluency) in communication.

6.(specify) Mary made careful (specification) as to the kinds of cake and candy for her party.

7.(conductor) Whether right or wrong,he was ideas about how the lessons should be (conducted).

8.(regulation) Can you (regulate) this watch so that it keeps time precisely?

9.(commander) He remarked that I had a great (command) of the English language.

10.(host) Last night we were (hosts) to a few friends.

Unit 5

1.(notice) His clothes were simple and (unnoticeable).

2.(advertise) He decided to go and look at some (advertisements) for jobs.

3.(hard) Life in the mountains (hardened) me until I felt no fear or weakness in mind or body.

4.(fashion) It’s (fashionable) to go to the seaside for your holiday.

5.(use) We tried all sorts of medicine but they were all (useless).

6.(poison) Some plants have (poisonous) roots or fruit,so you must be very careful before you eat the fruit in the forest.

7.(usual) It was not (unusual) for him to come home at six or seven in the morning when he was on duty at night.

8.(world) He was several years older than his brother,(worldly) and independent.

9.(help) She repeated his name (helplessly),too shocked to say more.

10.(weak) Lack of food (weakened) his strength.

Unit 8

1.(special) He (specialized) first in painting birds and later in writing about them.

2.(week) The most recent issue of this (weekly) magazine is full of stories about the newly-elected president.

3.(residence) The local (residents) are very angry at the lack of parking spaces in the neighborhood.

4.(occupy) Since she was laid off from her work last May,she has accepted a poorly paid (occupation) because she has to support a family.

5.(formal) This is a(n) (informal) party.Please feel free and enjoy yourself.

6.(art) Because of the painting’s (artistic) value,many people tried their best to sell it at a higher price.

7.(human) He has showed great interest in studying the (humanities) since his youth.

8.(prefer) We could take a later flight if it would be (preferable).

9.(wise) People often gain (wisdom) with age.

10.(enroll) (Enrollment) figures for next year are now available.Log on to the Internet and you will get further information.

Unit 10

1.(bomb) (Bombers) are military airplanes designed to drop bombs on surface targets.

2.(survive) In some of the larger animals in nature,the existing evidence points to a similar (survival) pattern.

3.(invade) Though the (invaders) entered this region and raided several areas south of the Yangtze,they found the weather there too warm and damp for them.

4.(hand) The addition of the East Building to the National Gallery of Art has provided Washington with opportunities enjoyed by only a (handful) of U.S. cities.

5.(commute) Railroads and multi-lane freeways carry hundreds of thousands of (commuters) daily to and from the suburbs.

6.(resolve) The General Assembly in 1957 adopted a (resolution) to set up a fund to provide assistance in fields essential to the technical,economic,and social development of less-developed countries.

7.(exhaust) Cutting down all the trees,air pollution,and the (exhaustion) of natural resources will bring far-reaching and devastating social and environmental consequences.

8.(wreck) At the end of each period when a settlement was destroyed,the survivors, rather than clear the (wreckage) down to the floors,merely built new houses upon.

9.(decent) His honesty and (decency),rather than physical strength,provided the impetus for his heroism.

10.(hero) The mature form of writing (heroic) poems is called the epic;two such epics are Iliad and Odyssey.

汉译英

Unit 1

1.在有些人眼里,毕加索的绘画显得十分荒谬。

In the eyes of many people,Picasso’s paintings would seem rather foolish.

2.他们利润增长,部分的原因是由于采用了新的市场策略。

The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.

3.那个男人告诉妻子把药放在最上面的搁架上,这样孩子们就够不着了。

The man told his wife to keep the medicine on the top shelf so that it would be beyond the children’s reach.

4.有钱不一定幸福。

Happiness doesn’t always go with money.

5.那辆小汽车从我买来以后尽给我添麻烦。

The car has given me nothing but trouble ever since I bought it.

Unit 2

1.自今年夏初起,海尔公司展开了空调促销的广告大战。

Since the beginning of this summer,Haier has waged a massive ad campaign to promote its air-conditioner sales.

2.玛丽的父母不同意她去美国,因此她最终能否实现自己的愿望尚不可知。

Mary’s parents frown on the idea of her going to America ,so it remains to be seen whether she will realize her dream.

3.罗斯明白约翰源源不断的来信,连同无数的玫瑰花,目的是为了赢得她的心。

Rose knows that continuous letters from John,together with countless roses, are aimed at winning her heart.

4政府通过资助种植果树以使荒地重新变绿,成功地改善了生态环境。

Through sponsoring the growing of fruit trees to regenerate waste land, the government succeeded in improving the ecological environment.       

5.政府已采取了一系列新的环保措施,由此在全国各地出现了许多公园和公共绿地。

The government has undertake a series of new environmental initiatives.As a result,many parks and green belts have sprung up all over the country.

Unit 3

1.人生充满了欢乐和痛苦。

Life is full of ups and downs.

2.我始终知道他会以优异的成绩毕业。

I knew all along that he would graduate with distinction.

3.工作人员对这一说法的真实性有些保留看法。

The working staff had some reservations about the truth of the claim.

4.当地政府将毫不犹豫地采取最严厉的措施对付犯罪分子。

The local government will not hesitate to take the severest measures against criminals.

5.他企图以滔滔不绝的谈话来拖延时间。

He tried to buy time by doing a lot of talking.

Unit 4

1.对大多数父母来说,送孩子出国学习的决定是经过仔细考虑后做出的。他们会尽力在孩子离开之前安排好这一切。

For most parents,the decision to send children abroad for study is made after careful thinking.They’ll try to have everything worked out before their children leave. 

2.杰克才开始工作了三个月,经验上不足,所以让他独立完成这项任务是有困难的。

Jack has only been working for three month,so for lack of experience,he’ll have difficulty finishing the task alone.

3.只要你详细说明要我们做些什么,我们就会尽力帮你做好一切准备的。

As long as you specify what we are expected to do,we’ll try our best to help you get everything ready.

4.苏珊认为自己会很快适应那儿的生活,可后来发现事情没那么容易,于是她开始想家。

Susan had thought she would adapt to lift there soon,but she found later things weren’t so easy,and she began to feel homesick. 

5.当离别时刻到来时,这些孩子忐忑不安起来,因为他们不知道自己是否能适应没有父母在身边的生活。

Tension descend on these children when it was time for departure,since they didn’t know whether they could adapt to the life without parents.

Unit 5

1.我父亲太忘事,老是在找钥匙。

My father is so forgetful that he is always looking for keys. 

2.再没有收到过他的信,于是我们开始怀疑他是否还活着。

Nothing more was heard from him,so that we began to wonder if he was sill alive.

3.对于这位科学家来说,凌晨两、三点钟上床睡觉是很平常的事。

It’s not unusual for the scientists to go to bed at two or three in the morning.

4.那人弯腰从地上把书捡起来。

The old man bent down and picked up the book from the floor.

5.丽贝卡把头靠在丈夫的肩上哭起来。

Learning her head on her husband’s shoulder,Rebecca began to cry.

Unit 8

1.他给了我一些建议,同时还给了我一笔钱让我开个小公司。所以现在我也想用积累的钱给别人提供一些帮助。

As well as some advice,he gave me a certain amount of money to start a small business.So new I want to render help to others with the money I’ve accumulated.  

2从一项非正式的民意调查来看,大多数人希望缩短工作时间,因为他们意识到除了工作,生活中还有许多别的东西。

According to an informal poll,most people hope the working hours will be reduced,because they’ve realized that there is a lot more to life than a job.

3.这些艺术家把一生都献给了艺术,为艺术事业作出了巨大的贡献。

These artists devoted all their lives to art,and made great contributions to the artistic field.

4.在每周例会上,每个人的发言都不能离开会议议题。

At the weekly meeting,everyone must confine their remarks to the subject.

5.要是我没说那些愚蠢的话该多好!那时我太年轻,不能明辨是非。

If only I hadn’t said those silly words!I was too young to distinguish right from wrong.

Unit 10

1.人们穿着体面的衣服,成群结队地去广场参加庆祝会。

People dressed themselves decently and flocked to the square for the celebration.

2.为数不多的战士们英勇抗敌,壮烈牺牲。

The handful of soldiers fought bravely against the enemies and died heroic deaths.

3.在那次事故中,300多人被埋在废墟中,等待救援。

In the accident, over three hundred people were buried underneath the wreckage waiting to be rescued.

4.途中她忍受了种种艰难困苦,什么都无法阻止她去寻找失散的女儿。

She endured all kinds of handships on the journey;nothing could keep her from finding her lost daughter.

5.别跟那帮人混在一起。他们在光天化日之下干了很多坏事。

Don’t get mixed up with that gang, they have committed many committed many crimes in broad daylight.

英译汉

Unit 1

1.This attitude results in a nation of people committed to researching,experimenting and exploring.

这种态度造就了一个决心投身于研究、试验和探索的民族。

2.They will miss the ritual interaction that goes with a welcoming cup of tea or coffee that may be a convention in their own country.

他们也会怀念那种喝着招待客人的茶或咖啡的礼节性交往,这也许是他们自己国家的一种民俗。

3.Since we generally assess and probe professionally rather than socially,we start talking business very quickly.

既然我们通常是通过工作而不是社交来评估和了解他人,我们就开门见山的谈生意。

4.TO us the impersonality of electronic communication has little or no relation to the significance of the matter at hand.

就我们而言,电子交流的没有人情味与我们手头上事情的重要性之间很少有或完全没有关系。

5.Unless a certain amount of time is allowed to elapse,it seems in their eyes as if the task being considered were insignificant,not worthy of proper respect.

在他们看来,如果不是花一定时间来处理某件事的话,则这件事就好像是无足轻重的,不值得给予适当的重视。 

Unit 2

1.But in recent years,as environmental damage has increased,signs of change have sprung up in various pockets around the world.

但近年来,随着环境损害的日益严重,世界各地已经出现了许多变化的迹象。

2.But a series of new environmental laws,together with the creation of parks and nature preserves that cover one quarter of the country,are aimed at protecting Costa Rica’s remaining forests.

但是人们制定了一系列新的环境保护法,还新建了占四分之一国土面积的公园和自然保护区,目的是要保护哥斯达黎加现存的森林。

3.The government promises it will protect the region’s native people,but questions remain as to its true level of commitment.

巴西政府承诺,将保护该地区的土著居民,但人们对这个承诺的可信度仍心存疑虑。

4.This explosive growth has led to removal of forests in much of the country,and excessive use of existing farmland.

这种人口激增已导致了该国许多地方森林的消失及对现存农田过度耕作。

5.In recent years,the government has waged a massive ad campaign to encourage birth control,offering inducements such as free trips to Mecca,the birthplace of Islam in Saudi Arabia.

印尼政府近几年来已发动了一场大规模的广告宣传运动来鼓励节制生育,并提出了鼓励措施,如免费提供去沙特阿拉伯的麦加—伊斯兰教的诞生地的机会。

Unit 3

1.During our two years together we had experienced the usual ups and downs of a couple learning to know,understand,and respect each other.

在一起相处的两年中,我们经历了一对情侣在学着相互了解、理解和尊重时常常出现的磕磕碰碰。

2.That point was emphasized by the fact that Gail’s parents,after thirty-five years of marriage,were going through a bitter and painful divorce,which had destroyed Gail and for a time had a negative effect on our budding relationship.

下列事实强调了这样一点:已经结婚35年的盖尔父母正经历着一场充满怨恨、令人痛苦的婚变,这件事给了盖尔以毁灭性的打击,并一度给我们正处于萌芽状态的关系带来了负面的影响。

3.It was all so new,all so exciting,and we both thought,on the surface at least,that ours was an ideal marriage with every indication that it would last forever.

一切都是那么新鲜、多么令人兴奋。而且我们俩人都认为——至少在表面上是如此——我们的婚姻是理想婚姻,而且一切迹象都表明是会天长地久的。

4.And when he learned of my problems with the Citizenship department,he immediately suspected that I was marrying his daughter in order to remain in the United States.

当他得知我在公民身份部门遇到的问题时,就怀疑我是因为想留在美国而娶他的女儿的。

5.In fact,he made it very clear when we were discussing marriage that if I had any doubts about anything,I should not hesitate to cancel our plans.

事实上,当我们在讨论结婚的时候,他清楚地表明了这样一点:如果我对任何事情有怀疑,我完全可以取消我们的计划。

Unit 4

1.All of them go to the U.S. for the same reason—to become fluent in English,complete high school,and understand everything they can about the American way of life.

他们都是因为同样的原因赴美的——学会流利的英语、完成中学学业以及尽可能的了解有关美国生活方式的方方面面。

2.For the majority of the students,the decision to study abroad is taken only after a period of at least six months of careful planning.

对大多数学生来说,至少要经过6个月的精心筹划才能做出到国外学习的决定。

3.“For me,”says seventeen-year-old Gloria Marcato,“it’s more important to learn to speak English and to live through this experience than it is to receive a certificate from the American government.”

“对我来说,”17岁的格洛里亚·马卡托说:“学会讲英语及体验这种经历比从美国政府那里拿到一张证书更为重要。”   

4.Even young students who plan on staying in the Unit States just long enough to finish two semesters of high school have difficulty finding a host family.Very few arrive in the county with all the details worked out.

甚至那些计划在美国完成两个学期中学课程的年轻学生也很难找到接待家庭。很少有学生在到达这个国家时,就把一切细节都安排妥帖的。

5.Another moment of tension descends while students await the domestic flight that will take them to their temporary home in America.From then on it’s everyone for himself.

学生们在等待美国国内班机把他们带到在美国的临时家庭时又紧张了一阵。从那以后,每个人都要自己照料自己了。

Unit 5

1.While she is doing her homework,her feet on the bench in front of her and her calculator clicking out answers to her geometry problems,I am looking at the half-empty package of Camels tossed carelessly close at hand.

我的女儿会抽烟。她做家庭作业时,脚搁在前面的长凳上,计算机嗒嗒的跳出几何体的答案。我看着那包已抽了一半、她随意扔在紧靠手边处的骆驼牌香烟。

2.I remember the bright-red tobacco tin,with a picture of Queen Victoria’s partner,Prince Albert,dressed in a black dress coat and carrying a cane.

我还记得那鲜红的烟丝盒,上面有一张维多利亚女王的丈夫阿尔伯特亲王身穿黑色燕尾服、手拿一根手杖的图片。

3.The tobacco industry,coupled with Hollywood movies in which both male and female heroes smoked like chimneys,completely won over people llike my father,who were hopelessly hooked by cigarettes.

烟草业,再加上好莱坞电影——影片中的男女主角都是老烟鬼——把像我父亲那样的人完完全全的争取了过去,他们无可救药地抽烟上了瘾。

4.…over time,people starve themselves of both food and air,effectively weakening and hooking their children,eventually killing themselves.

久而久之,人们不但缺少食物,而且还缺少空气,这样不但大大的削弱了孩子们地体质,还使他们染上了烟瘾,最终还会致他们于死地。

5.Smoking is a form of self-battering that also batters those who must sit by,occasionally joke or complain,and helplessly watch.

抽烟是一种自我毁灭,而且也毁灭着那些不得不坐在你身边的人。那些人偶尔也会取笑或抱怨抽烟,可常常只能无可奈何地坐在一边看。

Unit 8

1.The survey revealed what I had already suspected from informal polls of students both in Macon and at the Robins Resident Center:if it (whatever it may be) won’t compute and you can’t drink it,smoke it or spend it,then“it”holds little value.

这份调查报告揭示了我以前在梅肯和罗宾斯学生寄宿中心对学生进行的非正式民意调查的结果:学生们认为如果某种东西(不管它是何物)没有实际的经济意义,你不能把它当酒喝、当烟抽、当钱花,那么“它”就简直毫无价值。

2.Interest in teaching,social service and the humanities is at a low,along with ethnic and women’s studies.On the other hand,enrollment in business programs,engineering and computer science is way up.

如今人们对当老师、社会服务和人文科学、还有种族和妇女研究的兴趣都处于低潮。另一方面,攻读商科、工程学及计算机科学的学生人数却在迅速增加。

3.But why can’t we have it both ways?Can’t we educate people for life as well as for a career?

但是我们为什么不能两全其美呢?我们能不能教会人们既懂得谋生,又懂得去成就一番事业?

4.This is where age and maturity enter.Most people,somewhere between the ages of 30 and 50,finally arrive at the inevitable conclusion that they were meant to do more than serve a corporation,a government agency,or whatever.

这就是年龄和成熟带给人的诠悟,大多数年龄约在30至50岁之间的人都会最终得出一个必然的结论,即他们不应该仅仅是为某个公司、某个政府机构或任何其他单位服务。

5.Let’s hope our educators answer students’ cries for career education,but at the same time let’s ensure that students are prepared for day when they realize their shortsightedness.

我们希望我们的教育工作者能满足学生对职业教育的渴求,但与此同时,我们也要确保学生能为他们认识到自己目光短浅的那一天做好准备。

Unit 10

1.Night after night,in the hot summer and early fall of 1940,a deep,steady voice came over the Atlantic Ocean from English to America,telling of England’s battle for survival under the waves of German bomber.

在1940年的炎夏和早秋的一个个夜晚,有一个深沉而平稳的声音飞跃大西洋,从英国传到美国,讲述着英国在德国轰炸机轮番进攻下为生存而进行的战斗。

2.His voice had a tone of sorrow for the suffering of that ancient city,and a tone of confidence,too-a felling of belief that London would be there,no matter what it had to endure.

他的声音里表达了一种为这个古老城市遭受的苦难而感到悲痛,同时还传递着一种信心——一种相信无论要去忍受什么样的苦难伦敦也将巍然屹立的信念。

3.The hardships of London really started in the first week of September,when Hitler was at last convinced that the English did not intend to give in.

伦敦的苦难实际上开始于九月的第一个星期,那时希特勒最终确信英国人不打算投降。

4.Radar sirens wailed,ambulances rushed from one place of agony to another,and fire fighters faced the flames hour after hour.

雷达警报器在尖叫,救护车从一个充满痛苦的地方向另一个充满痛苦的地方飞速行驶,而消防队员则每时每刻面对的是熊熊火焰。

5.Murrow knew that Britain’s fate depended upon the resolution of the people in the shops and streets,the men in the pubs,the housewives,those watching for fire on the roofs,the people who had a thousand difficult and painful things to do.

默罗知道英国的命运取决于这些人的决心:商店里和马路上的人们、酒店里喝酒的男人们、家庭妇女们、那些在屋顶上监视着火情的人们、那些有无数困难而痛苦的事情要做的人们。

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